Runescape Mining Guide

To begin mining, you should first obtain a basic pickaxe which can be picked up in a small house in the Barbarian Village. Once you have one, it’s time to set out and find a place to mine. There are several mining spots around the city of Varrock, and the Scorpion Pit mine near the desert town of Al Kharid that should have plenty of ores to start mining.
Mining Ores

Now that you’ve found a place to mine, you can either jump right in and click on a rock to mine from, or you can prospect the rock. When you prospect a rock you will search for any ores inside and determine what type of ore is in the rock. This could take some time, so it’s best to learn what color each different rock will be when it has ore in it. Now you can click on a rock to mine from it, and your character will keep mining until you obtain the ore.

Mining Gems

From time to time you may find an uncut gem while mining. These can be crafted, and are valuable to anyone working on the skill. Gems can be cut with a chisel to make them more valuable when sold to a store, but most people would prefer uncut gems to work on their crafting. There’s a greater chance of mining a gem if you are wearing a charged Amulet of Glory, but finding a gem can still be difficult.

See the below “Gems” sub-section for more information.

Dwarven Stouts

If you need a quick “level-up,” a Dwarven Stout is just the drink for you. Stouts will raise both your mining and smithing levels by 1 for a short amount of time. They can be bought from the Rising Sun Bar in Falador for 3gp, so stock up on them if you plan on using many stouts during your mining career.

Mature Stouts & Beer

As a reward from the Forgettable Tale (of a Drunken Dwarf) Quest you will get 2 Mature Dwarven Stouts which will increase your Mining and Smithing levels by 2, not just the ordinary 1 level. When Brewing Beer there is a chance that it will become Mature and give extra bonuses. To make it more likely that it becomes Mature you can add “The Stuff” which is something you can buy as a reward from Trouble Brewing.


This is also known as “Drop Mining.” Powermining is when you rapidly mine ores on drop them solely for the purpose of gaining quick experience. Generally, players will powermine ores that are easy to mine, such as Iron, Copper, Sandstone and Granite. These ores respawn quickly and are easy to obtain.



Miners that are more skilled have the ability to use higher quality pickaxes which allow you to obtain ores more quickly when mining. Pickaxes range from Bronze being the lowest quality, and Rune being the highest, but they are rather expensive.

Pickaxes can be bought from Nurmof’s Pickaxe Shop, which is found in the Dwarven Mines. There are two entrances to the mine: the first being in a building northeast of the east Falador bank, and the second being to the south of Ice Mountain (located north of Falador). The shop itself is found to the west of the entrance. You must go around the twisting passage, and the shop is north of the General Store.

Picture Pickaxe Mining Level Cost
Bronze 1 1gp
Iron 1 140gp
Steel 6 500gp
Mithril 21 1,300gp
Adamantite 31 3,200gp
Rune 41 32,000gp

Repairing a Pickaxe

From time to time, your Pickaxe head may become loose and happen to fly off of the handle while you’re Mining from a rock. If this happens, just pick the Pickaxe Head up and reattach it to the handle.

A Pickaxe can be damaged beyond use if you mine from a steaming rock, and you will be unable to mine with it. Bring your Damaged Pickaxe to Nurmof and use it with him so that he can fix it for a fee.


Rocks & Ores

Of course, we can’t forget the main part of mining; the ores! Each ore can be found in a specifically colored rock to match the ore, and when a rock is full of the ore it will change color. Instead of prospecting each rock, it’s best to remember what each rock looks like, in order to make mining go much quicker.

Mining Chart
Picture of Rock Picture of Ore Ore Mining Level Mining Experience
Clay 1 5
Copper 1 17.5
Tin 1 17.5
Iron 15 35
Silver 20 40
Coal 30 50
Gold 40 65
Mithril 55 80
Adamantite 70 95
Rune 85 125


While mining rocks, you may happen to mine a Gem. Gems can be used to make various objects such as jewelry or bolt tips, and come in a variety of types. Regular gems, including Sapphires, Emeralds, Rubies and Diamonds can all be mined from regular rocks containing ore; the most common ones being Sapphires. If you’re a Member and wearing a charged Amulet of Glory, you’ll have a better chance of mining gems.

There are also other kinds of gems, including Opals, Jades and Red Topazes which can only be mined from the Shilo Village rocks. Once you complete the Shilo Village Quest, you will be able to use these rocks to mine all types of gems.

Mineable Gems
Picture Gem Mining Experience
Sapphire 65
Emerald 65
Ruby 65
Diamond 65
Opal 65
Jade 65
Red Topaz 65

Special Ores

Some of the ores that you’ll mine in RuneScape only have a certain purpose, such as being used in a quest. Others have unique uses instead of being able to be smithed into armor and weapons.

Special Ores
Picture Ore Mining Level Mining Experience Use
Limestone 1 26.5 Use a Chisel with this to make a Limestone Brick. Used in the Construction skill.
Rune Essence 1 5 Used in Runecrafting to make Freeplay Runes.
Plain Rock 1 1 Used for baloon toads in Recipe for Disaster.
Bluerite 10 17 Used in the Knight’s Sword Quest.
Elemental 20 0 (not mined) Used in the Elemental Workshop Quest.
Daeyalt 20 17 Used in the Darkness of Hallowvale Quest. It’s worth noting that there are 3 ores per rock, and it is possible to powermine it.
Pure Essence 30 5 Used in Runecrafting to make any type of Runes.
Sandstone 35 1kg - 30
2kg - 40
5kg - 50
10kg - 60 Sandstone is currently only used during the Enakhras’s Lament Quest. It is pretty easy to mine and can be powermined for fast experience.
Gem Rocks 40 65 Found in Shilo Village. You can mine any gem (except Dragonstone) from these.
Granite 45 Tiny- 50
Small - 60
Medium - 75 Granite is currently only used during the Enakhras’s Lament Quest. If you have a high enough mining level it is possible to effectively powermine it for quick experience.
Lunar Ore 60 - Used only during the Lunar Diplomacy Quest.

Mining Notes

A higher mining level will make it easier to mine bigger chunks of Sandstone. You can also break the chunks of Sandstone with a chisel. For example a 5kg piece would break into two 2kg and a 1kg. You can only carve granite during the quest. Chiseling sandstone does not give any crafting experience.


Ore Respawn Times

Each ore in the game takes a certain amount of time to respawn, or reappear so that you can mine it. Generally, the higher-level ores take a longer time to respawn than lower level ones, and the number of players on a server also effect ore respawn times: the more people on a server, the quicker an ore will respawn. The following is a chart of approximate respawn times for ores:

Average Ore Respawn Times
Ore Server Population
2,000 1,600 1,200 800 400 0
Clay 1 sec 1.2 sec 1.4 sec 1.6 sec 1.8 sec 2 sec
Tin & Copper 2 sec 2.4 sec 2.8 sec 3.2 sec 3.6 sec 4 sec
Iron 5 sec 6 sec 7 sec 8 sec 9 sec 10 sec
Silver 1 min 1m 12 s 1m 24s 1m 36s 1m 48s 2 min
Coal 30 sec 36 sec 42 sec 48 sec 54 sec 1 min
Gold 1 min 1m 12s 1m 24s 1m 36s 1m 48s 2 min
Mithril 2 min 2m 24s 2m 48s 3m 12s 3m 36s 4 min
Adamant 4 min 4m 48s 5m 36s 6m 24s 7m 12s 8 min
Rune 12m 30s 15 min 17m 30s 20 min 22m 30s 25 min

Mining Notes

Timing spawns on perfectly empty servers without the aid of a private server is technically impossible, and as such these are approximated times.
In the case of rune ores, accurately timing the spawns becomes extremely difficult, if not impossible, on lesser populated servers as the times differ by up to a minute between spawns due to rapidly changing sever sizes. As such, these times are based on the underlying pattern, and were loosely checked for accuracy.